Stephen Hawking on The Grand Design book: God did not create the universe

By on Sep 3, 2010 in Weird Comments

World-famous physicist Stephen Hawking argues in his new book The Grand Design that ‘God did not create the universe’.

According to an excerpt published Thursday in The Times of London, Hawking mentioned in his book that “given the existence of gravity, the universe can and will create itself from nothing,”

“Spontaneous creation is the reason why there is something rather than nothing, why the universe exists, why we exist,” he writes in the excerpt.

“It is not necessary to invoke God to light the blue touch paper [fuse] and set the universe going,” he writes.

The Grand Design, as the title suggests, is an attempt of Hawking to answer “the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe, and Everything,” he writes, quoting Douglas Adams‘ cult science fiction romp, “The Hitch-hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.”

His answer is “M-theory,” which, Hawking says, speculates 11 space-time dimensions, “vibrating strings, … point particles, two-dimensional membranes, three-dimensional blobs and other objects that are more difficult to picture and occupy even more dimensions of space.” This is an excerpt from the introduction to the book.

However, Hawking said he understands the feeling of the great English scientist Sir Isaac Newton that God did “create” and “conserve” order in the universe.

Citing the 1992 discovery of a planet orbiting a star other than our Sun, he said.

“That makes the coincidences of our planetary conditions – the single Sun, the lucky combination of Earth-Sun distance and solar mass – far less remarkable, and far less compelling as evidence that the Earth was carefully designed just to please us human beings.”

But the British most famous physicist argues that if there are untold numbers of planets in the galaxy, it’s less remarkable that there is one with conditions for human life.

And, indeed, he argues, any form of intelligent life that evolves anywhere will automatically find that it lives somewhere suitable for it.

From there, he introduces the idea of multiple universes, which states that if there are many universes, one will have laws of physics like ours. And in such a universe, something not only can, but must, arise from nothing.

Stephen Hawking concludes that the Big Bang was an inevitable consequence of the laws of physics; and that ‘there’s no need for God to explain it.

The Grand Design was co-written by US physicist Leonard Mlodinow and will be published early this month in US and UK.

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