New Elements Discovered By US, Russian Scientists At JINR Added To Periodic Table

By on Jun 11, 2011 in Russia, Science, United States, World Comments

Two new elements discovered by US and Russian scientists will be added to the periodic table, according to a statement by Paul Karol on Friday, June 10, 2011.

US, Russian Teams In Joint Institute For Nuclear Research
US, Russian Team of Scientists
Image Credit: Joint Institute For Nuclear Research

Based on reports by several international news sites, the new unnamed elements were the first to be added since Copernicium was enlisted in 2009. As of writing, the new elements are being called 114 and 116. Reports say that the naming process could take weeks or months.

According to Karol, “Over the past 250 years, there have been basically 100 new elements discovered.” He added that finding new elements “is becoming more and more difficult.” Karol is a US Chemistry expert from Carnegie Mellon University and chairman of the committee responsible for the enlistment recommendation.

A published research by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry explained that the two new elements were discovered using atom-smasher experiments called cross-bombardments. These experiments were conducted at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia in collaboration with a US team based at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in Berkeley, California. In the experiment, 114 was created with smashed calcium and plutonium, while 116 is produced with smashed calcium and curium.

These two new elements were discovered as early as 2004 and 2006, but they were only confirmed recently.

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