Ancient Maya City Of Holtun or Head Of Stone Revealed in Guatemala Jungle By Brigitte Kovacevich (Photo)

By on Apr 27, 2011 in Archaelogy, Environment, Science, South America, Weird, World Comments
Ancient Maya City of Holtun or Head of Stone Tunnel
Ancient Maya City Of Holtun or Head Of Stone Tunnel
Image Credit: Michael G. Callaghan

The Ancient Maya City of Holtun or Head of Stone, buried for centuries in a Guatemala jungle, has been finally revealed by archaeologists, according to a National Geographic News published on April 26, 2011.

Researchers, led by Brigitte Kovacevich, used GPS and other electronic technological devices in 2010 to determine the locations and elevations of a seven-story-high pyramid, an astronomical observatory, a ritual ball court, stone residences, and other significant structures of the Maya City.

Rough contours of Ancient Maya Civilization buildings were also revealed because of a three-dimensional mapping that has “erased” centuries of jungle growth.

According to Kovacevich, the number of stone houses may have doubled as burial chambers for the city’s early kings. Instead of putting the kings’ remains inside a pyramid, they are believed to be buried inside their homes.

The new discoveries in the Head of Stone, the term given to the giant masks found in the area, will provide explanation on how secondary Maya centers were organized and the kind of lifestyle they have especially in the Tikal area. Stucco masks, that were used to adorn significant buildings measuring about ten feet tall, were taken by looters by digging tunnels into the buried city.

Researchers believed, that during the 600 B.C. to A.D. 900, Head of Stone was a busy midsize Maya center with about 2,000 residents. However, these structures are now deeply buried underneath the earth.

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