American Heart Association released new CPR Guidelines for the untrained

By on Oct 19, 2010 in Health, Science, United States, World Comments

The American Heart Association released new CPR Guidelines for untrained people, as announced in various international news sites.

According to reports, the Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), which is the first-aid practice technique to save someone who suffered from a cardiac arrest, is being suggested be done differently for untrained people.

The ABC of CPR, which used to have chest compression as the last part, is now being advised to be done first if the ‘rescuer’ is not trained, the news said.

The 2010 CPR Guidelines, which were released on Monday, suggested that untrained people should perform chest compressions only, but should call for emergency first if the patient is an adult and having occasional unusual breaths or not responding.

This latest advice from American Heart Association came after a series of study resulted last year that a compression-only approach is as good or better than compression plus mouth-to-mouth, reports said.

In addition, chest compressions should be performed at a depth of 5cm to 6cm, with a 100 to 120 compressions per minute rate.

This therefore, changes the 2005 guidelines, in which more shallow compressions were advised and with a rate of 100 per minute.

“For a variety of reasons, when someone suddenly collapses in cardiac arrest, people often don’t start any
type of CPR, and one of the barriers, we believe, is that people think it’s fairly complicated to do CPR,” as Dr. Michael Sayre, co-author of the new guidelines and chairman of the American Heart Association‘s emergency cardiovascular care committee explained.

“But chest compressions alone are easy, and anyone can do it. Chest compressions actually act like an artificial heart, pumping blood to the heart and brain, and that blood often will have a reserve of oxygen.” The doctor added.

Experts was also said to have discovered that many people hesitate to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, or to ‘kiss’ a stranger, while others are not doing it the right technical way.

Meanwhile, experts stressed out that the previous guidelines are still applicable for trained people such as nurses and other medical practitioners.



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